Academic Employees’ perceptions of Work - Life Balance practices: A Case Analysis of Private Universities in Ogun State, Nigeria

  • Anthonia Adenike Adeniji Business Management Department, Covenant University
  • Stella Ibiyinka Ojo Business Management Department, Covenant University
  • Hezekiah Olubusayo Falola Business Management Department, Covenant University
  • Jonathan O. Adeyeye Business Management Department, Covenant University
Keywords: employees, academics, perception, work life, job satisfaction and commitment

Abstract

This study investigates academic employees' perceptions and experiences of work–life balance (WLB) in private Universities in Ogun State. A descriptive research design involves in-depth interviews among 129 academic employees in private Universities in Ogun State. Specifically, the main objectives are to critically examine the practices of work-life balance in the Universities. The study assesses the types of WLB policies and practices within the Universities and factors which influence the employee’s perception of work-life balance within the framework of employment relationship in the various Universities in Nigeria. Using spill-over theory, the findings reveal various dimensions in the academic employees' concept of WLB and show that academic employee experience the strain of work intensification and long hours of work. There is a wide gap between corporate WLB practices and the academic employee understanding of WLB. The paper suggests policy implications which would aid the implementation of WLB policies within Private Universities and suggests directions for future research.

References

Blyton, N. (2008). “Working time and work - life balance”, in Blyton, N. Bacon, J. Fiorito and E. Heery (eds) The Sage Handbook of Industrial Relations, London: Sage, p. 513-528

Edwards, J., Rothbard, N. (2000). Mechanisms linking work and family. Clarification the relationship between work and family constructs. Academy of management review, 25, p.178-199

Epie, C. (2010). "Africa-Specific Factors Influencing the Decision to Adopt Work-Family Policies: Exploring the Field in Nigeria", Ife Psychologia, 18 (2) p. 1-20

Erin, K., Kossek, E., Hammer, L., Durham, M., Bray, J., Chermack, K., Murphy, L., Kaskubar, D. (2009). “Getting there from here: Research on the Effects of Work- Family Initiatives on Work-Family Conflict and Business Outcomes”, Academy of Management Annals, 2: p. 305–49

Freeman, L. M. (2009). “Comparison of attitudes between generation X and Baby Boomer veterinary academic employee and residents”, Journal of veterinary medical education, 36 (1), p. 128-132.

Guest, D. E. (2002). Human resource management: When research confronts theory. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 12, p. 1092–1106.

Hammer, L, Kossek, E, Yragui, N, Bodner, T, Hansen, G. (2009b). Development and validation of a multi-dimensional scale of family supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB). Journal of Management 35: p. 837–56.

Hudson, A. (2005). The Case for Work-Life Balance. 20:20 Series 26–27.

Kossek, E., Lewis, S., Hammer, L. B. (2010). “Work-life initiatives and organizational change: overcoming mixed messages to move from the margin to the mainstream”, Human Relations, 63 (1), p. 3-19.

Martinengo, G., Jacob, J. I., Hill, E. J. (2010). “Gender and the Work-Family Interface: Exploring Differences across the Family Life Course”, Journal of Family Issues, 31: p.1363-1390

Mordi, C., Ojo, S. (2011). Work life balance practices in the banking sector: insights from Nigeria. Life Psychologia 19 (2)

Mordi, C., Mmieh, F., Ojo. (2012). An Exploratory Study of Managers’ Perspective of Work-Life Balance in Nigeria: A Case Analysis of the Nigerian Banking Sector. Thunderbird International Business Review 55(1) p. 55-74

Murphy, F., Doherty, L. (2011). "The experience of work life balance for Irish senior managers", Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, 30 (4), p. 252 – 277

Parris, M. A., Vickers, M. H., Wilkes, L. (2008). Caught in the middle: Organizational impediments to middle managers' work-life balance. Employment Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 20, p. 101−117.

Redmond, J., Valiulis, M., Drew, E. (2006). “Literature review of issues related to work-life balance workplace culture and maternity/childcare issues”, Crisis Pregnancy Agency Report, 16

Shockley, K. M., Singla, N. (2011). “Reconsidering Work Family Interactions and Satisfaction: A Meta-Analysis”, Journal of Management 37: p. 861–881

Webber, M., Sarris, A., Bessell, M. (2011). "Organizational culture and the use of work-life balance Initiatives: Influence on work attitudes and work-life Conflict", Australian and New Zealand Journal of Organizational Psychology, 3, p. 54-65.

Published
2016-09-14