Journal Plus Education <div dir="ltr"><img src="" width="111" height="111" /></div> <p><strong>ISSN: 1842-077X </strong></p> <p><strong>E- ISSN (online) 2068 “ 1151</strong></p> <p>The <a title="plus" href="">Journal Plus Education/ Educatia Plus</a> is a transdisciplinary journal that engages a wide spectrum of scholarship and welcomes contributions from the many disciplines and approaches that intersect Educational Sciences research (pedagogy, psychology, special psyhopedagogy and social work).</p> en-US (Gabriela Kelemen) (Dani Radulescu) Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:36:26 +0200 OJS 60 THE MOTIVATION OF LEARNING IN STUDENTS <p><em>The motivation for learning illustrates the determination each student has towards this important process. When the motivation starts from within each student, we say that it is an intrinsic motivation, and when it comes from the outside we will call it an extrinsic motivation.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The motivation for learning is the dynamic and directional energetic process of the entire learning process. Motivation is the key to our entire behavior, and therefore to our learning behaviour. It is also important to note that the motivation for learning is vital for the efficiency of learning.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In our research we aim to investigate some elements related to students`&nbsp; motivation for learning. The method of investigation of the problem of students` motivation in learning is the survey, conducted using the questionnaire as a tool. The sample of subjects consists of two hundred and twenty-two students from the “1 December 1918” University of Alba Iulia, year I, II and III, from different specializations. Among the indicators presented in the questionnaire we can include: aspects that lead to the increase of motivation for learning, which is the main reason for which they learn, how much time they spend daily on learning, whether they carry out a specific program when they learn; what solutions they resort to when they encounter a learning problem, etc. The conclusions are drawn up based on the statistical analysis and confirm the presence of original elements about the motivation of students’ learning.</em></p> Alina Feelicia ROMAN, Maria Iulia FELEA Copyright (c) 2022 Alina Feelicia Roman, Maria Iulia FELEA Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 INNOVATIVE EXPERIENCES IN EVALUATING ACQUISITIONS AT AN EARLY AGE <p>This article presents the results of a research developed through applying an international assessment tool for development and early education. The study reveals the benefits of using a standardized assessment tool correlated with the current regulatory documents. Starting from the results obtained after the application of the batch of tests, a formative training program was created in which the correlation of the areas of development was investigated, with the indicators of the Fundamental Reference in the Learning and Early Development of Children and the tests of the evaluation tool. The research was carried out during a school year, with the target group being the preschoolers of the Preschool with extended program "Casuta Bucuriei" no. 11 Brasov. At the beginning of the school year, in the initial assessment, the IDELA standardized assessment tool was applied to a number of 10 groups with a total of 259 preschoolers, then at the summative assessment (at the end of the first semester) the application was resumed to all groups in the experiment, identifying the natural evolution of preschoolers. During the second semester, between the two moments of evaluation (summative and final), the group of preschoolers was divided into an experimental group and a control group. Preschoolers in the experimental group benefited from formative training. Following the collected results, our aim was to offer teachers a complex vision of the level of development and school preparation of preschoolers, using an innovative assessment tool. The IDELA tool (international early childhood development and education assessment of children aged 3-6.5 years), was developed following three years of testing and piloting at international level. The tool drew on a number of existing sources and tools, including the Early Development Tool, the Age and Stages Questionnaire, the Denver Multiple Indicator Set Study, the Early Childhood Development Standards from a number of countries where these were available, as well as numerous tools developed and used by Save the Children national teams.</p> Laura CIOLAN, Daniela Mihaela FLORESCU Copyright (c) 2022 Daniela Mihaela Florescu, Laura Ciolan Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 PARENTAL DISCIPLINARY PRACTICES SEEN THROUGH CHILDREN'S EYES <p>Although the word discipline, derived from the word disciplining, means teaching or training, it is associated with the application of punishments aimed at correcting inappropriate/improbable behavior (Knox, 2010, Larzelere &amp; Kuhn 1993 cited in Zoysa, 2011). There is undeniably a special interest in parental disciplinary practices (DPP) (Straus &amp; Stewart 1999) within several disciplines. In a country where the physical punishments are considered efficient and normal, presenting the realities regarding the way children are disciplined is more than necessary, it is almost vital.</p> <p>Starting from the premise that adults tend to become their parents (Zoysa, 2011, Fink, 2014), we are interested in finding out to what extent these milestones in education are still respected and how adolescents perceive DPP. 252 students answered online questionnaires and 48 teenagers participating in group discussions confirmed the cognitive theories according to which the focus in parental discipline must fall on moral internalization and autonomy (Baumrind, 1978, Grusec &amp; Kuczyuski 1997). Internalization, along with the maintenance of the child's self-esteem and the parent-child relationship represents the, goals and finalities in fact of the application of effective disciplinary techniques (Grusec, Goodnow, 1994).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Alina COSTIN Copyright (c) 2022 Alina Costin Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 VALUE ORIENTATION AND THE FEELING OF COMPASSION IN THE COVID 19 PANDEMIC IN STUDENTS <p>Since ancient times, to survive this society it has required affectivity, empathy and compassion. Thus in a world of speed, a world that seems to have lost nature, we can see that these feelings are actually necessary. Without them, humanity would be represented by robots, which would have a stable schedule, work without communication and cooperation.</p> <p>Daily we take part in the sufferings and joys of others, our vocation as persons is to help them, to develop them, to get them out of the deadlock, but also to be present at their joys.</p> <p>Human behavior must be full of delicacy, purity, transparency, showing deep compassion through these feelings of ours.</p> Catalin-Iulian DRAGAN Copyright (c) 2022 Henrietta TORKOS; , , , , Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 THE EDUCATIONAL LEVEL OF THE FAMILY AND THE COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDHOOD <p>In this study we aim to analyze the influence which the educational<br>level of a family has on the cognitive development, in general,<br>and on the inductive reasoning in particular, during the early<br>school years. In this regard, we selected 215 students whose<br>parents have secondary education and 117 with higher<br>education and we applied two tests to children from primary<br>schools in order to test the level of cognitive development (TIR<br>and PTONI). The results gathered prove that parents have a<br>significant influence on the development of cognitive skills.</p> Denisa ADRDELEAN, Ionut ERDELI Copyright (c) 2022 Denisa Ardelean, Ionut ERDELI Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 INVOLVEMENT OF TEENAGERS IN THE BEHAVIOR OF BULLYING & CYBER VIOLENCE <p><em>The terms of bullying and cyberbullying have been more and more present in the educational systems all over the world. The changing social life and the increase of technological resources, has brought to different forms of aggressiveness within children and teenagers. Bullying is a form of aggressive behavior in which someone intentionally and repeatedly assaults, harasses, harasses or intimidates another person. Bullying can be physical, verbal or in the form of more subtle actions. It involves an imbalance of power between two people, most often children or teenagers. Cyberbullying means bullying through the use of digital technologies. It can happen on social networks, messaging platforms, gaming platforms and mobile phones. It is a repeated behavior in order to scare, anger or humiliate those targeted. </em><em>Face-to-face bullying and online bullying can occur simultaneously. Cyberbullying leaves recordings that can prove useful and provide the evidence needed to end the aggression. Schools, have to find new ways to fight this trend. The present article, shows a brief theoretical approach on the main concepts, and deeper research on the situation of cyber violence in public schools from Iraq, Baghdad.</em></p> Henrietta TORKOS, ALI ANWER Copyright (c) 2022 Henrietta TORKOS, ALI ANWER Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 LANGUAGE TEACHING AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE DEVELOPING AT PRESCHOOL AGE, THROUGH FAIRY TALES AND STORIES <p>We all know that the role of kindergarten is significant in the development and growth of the young child. Equally important is its education in his mother tongue, the language it hears for the first time from his parents. We often hear the question ”Which kindergarten should I enroll my child in?”</p> <p>It is a difficult decision, the responsibility of the parent, who wants the best, the most suitable decisions for the child. Many parents tend to enroll the child in a group with teaching activities in Romanian language, wanting to help the learning of the Romanian language - the second language - from the preschool period. But with this decision we are not giving the child an easier start in life, no matter how much we are tempted to think so. The fact that we speak to them in a language other than our mother tongue will not help them integrate more easily into the community.</p> Dana DUGHI, Ildiko BOLD Copyright (c) 2022 Dana Dughi; Henrietta TORKOS Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS’ PERCEPTION OF THE CONSTRAINTS IN MEETING THE NATIONAL UNIVERSITIES COMMISSION’S STANDARDS FOR THE ACCREDITATION OF PROGRAMMES IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES <p><em>&nbsp;<strong>Abstract</strong></em></p> <p><em>The study investigated the perception of heads of departments on the constraints confronting universities in Nigeria in meeting NUC’s accreditation requirements. Two universities were purposively selected based on the fact that they were in session when the study was carried out. A total of 100 participants were also selected purposively premised on their position as either former or current heads of departments who had presented programmes for NUC’s accreditation during their tenure. &nbsp;The instrument used for data collection is a self-developed instrument titled ‘</em><em>‘Heads of Departments’ Perceived Constraints in Meeting NUC’s Accreditation Requirements’. Four research questions were answered in the study while the data were analysed using frequency count, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test and Analysis of Variance. The study revealed that delay in releasing fund for accreditation, problem of getting qualified lecturers in the affected programmes, poor funding, inadequate library resources, poor record keeping and inefficiency on the part of the members of staff in physical planning unit of the university are the major constrains facing universities in their bid to meet NUC’s accreditation requirements. There is no significant difference on the bases of gender and university ownership. However there is a significant difference in their perception based on discipline. The researchers therefore recommend proper funding of university education in Nigeria as funding is the major barrier on which all other constrains are anchored.</em></p> Jubril Busuyi FAKOKUNDE, Ayoade Ejiwale OKANLAWON, Nimota Moromoke RAJI, Ayobami Anthonia OYELADE, Oluwayemisi Ruth OLATEJU Copyright (c) 2022 JUBRIL FAKOKUNDE, AYOADE EJIWALE OKANLAWON, NIMOTA MOROMOKE RAJI, AYOBAMI ANTHONIA OYELADE, OLUWAYEMISI RUTH OLATEJU Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 INVESTIGATING LOCAL ITEM INDEPENDENCE IN CIVIC EDUCATION MULTIPLE-CHOICE ITEMS OF JOINT MOCK EXAMINATION <p><em>In preparation for external examinations, Senior Secondary School II students write joint mock examinations in core subjects including civic education. The study examined into the authenticity of&nbsp;civic education test multiple-choice&nbsp;items. A post-hoc research design was used. The population included all public school senior secondary I, II, and III students, whereas the target population included 2020/21 SSS II students. The Kwara State Ministry of Education and Human Capital Development created a 50-item multiple-choice item for the research. At different stages of selection, stratified, proportionate, and simple random sampling techniques were used. Using tetrachoric correlation statistics, one research question was posed and answered. Based on the thumb rule of 0.3, 41 of 50 items favoured local item independence.</em> <em>Local item dependency should be taught as part of psychometric properties in undergraduate and postgraduate programs.</em></p> Mohammed Idris JIMOH, Rashidat ABDULSALAM-NUHU Copyright (c) 2022 JIMOH, ABDULSALAM-NUHU Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 DO STUDENTS GO TO COUNSELLING ACTIVITIES? <p>At the beginning of the 20th century in the U.S., psychological<br />intervention one might say that have been born. This research<br />started from the following hypothesis: there is a correlation<br />between the awareness of the existence of counseling offices<br />and the degree of addressability to the services offered by<br />counseling offices. The method used was a questionnaire<br />survey (Alpha Cronbach coefficient is .790), applied on 207<br />students. The existence of the counselling office in the<br />university is unknown for 54.6% of students (113 subjects) and<br />there are 55.1% (114 subjects) who do not know that there is a<br />counselling office within the university, registering a<br />correlation of .657** (p-0.01). Due to not knowing about the<br />existence of this office and the services offered by it, the 152<br />subjects – there are 73.4% who never called the counselor, and<br />they come as a negative consequence, unfortunately. Out of 23<br />students - 11.1% very rarely addressed counselling services<br />and 16 students -7.7% rarely called the services of the<br />counseling office. Only 1 student - 0.5% and 3 students -1.4%<br />say they have very often or often turned to the counselling<br />office in their student life. A number of 12 students - 5.8%<br />declare that they have turned to the school counsellor every<br />now and then.</p> Daciana LUPU Copyright (c) 2022 Daciana Lupu Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 TEACHER’S CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND STUDENT’S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NNEWI EDUCATION ZONE <p>The project examined the impact of teachers’ classroom management practices on students' academic performance in public secondary schools in Nnewi Education Zone of Anambra State. Four research questions were posed for the study while a descriptive survey research design was adopted. The population of for this study consisted of students of all the 48 secondary schools in the study area with a total of 45,432. Simple random sampling was used to select a population size of 1362 respondents drawn from 12 government owned secondary schools in the study area. This study used questionnaire, which was built from the four research questions, for collection of data. The questionnaire contained 24 question items, validated by 3 experts, with a reliability of 0.83 while the data were analyzed using mean. The major findings of the study show that the classroom management practices of teachers exert enormous influence on the academic performance of students. The teachers are well qualified to teach, but some still cannot manage classroom effectively. It was observed that there is an interaction gap between teachers and students which affects the academic performance of students negatively. To this end, the research recommended that seminars and workshop should be organized for teachers to train and acquit them with the necessary classroom management skills and practices, which will go a long to boost the academic performance of students.</p> Chidubem Emmanuel ASIEGBU, Becky ONUH, Dr. Juliana Uzonna UMEOZOR, Rev. Sr. Dr. Anthonia Nwabugo Amarachukwu ANI, Chimauche Mary EMMASIEGBU Copyright (c) 2022 Chidubem Emmanuel ASIEGBU, Prof. Uche, Dr. Juliana Uzonna Umeozor, Rev. Sr. Dr. Anthonia Nwabugo Amarachukwu Ani, Chimauche Mary Emmasiegbu Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 AN ASSESSMENT OF COUNSELLORS’ PERCEPTION ON COUNSELLING SERVICES PROVIDED IN PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA <p>This study examined the assessment of counsellors’ perception on counselling services provided in public senior secondary schools in Oyo State, Nigeria and its implications for stakeholders. Three research questions were raised to guide the study. The research design adopted for the study was qualitative approach. Population consists of all counselors in public secondary school in Oyo State. Purposive and convenient sampling techniques were employed to select five counsellors. An interview protocol titled “Interview Protocol on Counselling Services (IPCS)” was used to collect pertinent data. Thematic approach was employed for analysing the data collected. Result revealed that various conselling services such as placement, appraisal, evaluation, information, orientation and referral were provided for students. It was found that services provided for students are not adequate. Also, findings point out to insufficient conselling personnel and inadequate couselling facilities as major hindrance to counseling services in school. In view of the findings, it was recommended that adequate facilities and funding should be provided for counsellors for them to be more effective in the areas of counseling. This will help students to solve their educational, vocational and social-personal challenges.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Yusuf SULEIMAN, Balqis Olabisi POPOOLA Copyright (c) 2022 Yusuf Suleiman, Balqis Olabisi Popoola Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 INSIGHTS INTO THE ATTITUDE TOWARDS REMOTE EDUCATION OF UNDERGRADUATE ENGINEERING STUDENTS <p><em>The implementation of emergency remote education due to the COVID-19 pandemic may affect students’ online learning attitudes. Exploring these attitudes, as higher education adapts to uncertainty, has become more critical than ever. This study aims to obtain information about students' attitudes towards remote education by studying in a hybrid format in the first semester of the 2021-2022 academic year due to the COVID-19 pandemic. A non-experimental research design with quantitative research methods was used. A total of 135 students enrolled in undergraduate programs at the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania, responded to the survey. The study found that students had a neutral attitude towards remote education. There was no statistically significant difference by gender and residence area. However, the results indicated that the 4th year students had higher attitude scores towards remote education than those in previous years. The findings of this study may also provide suggestions for further developments and improvements in students’ online learning attitudes and in the pedagogy of engineering disciplines in the post-pandemic perspective.</em></p> Lorena PECULEA Copyright (c) 2022 Lorena Peculea Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 SECONDARY SCHOOL ADOLESCENTS’ KNOWLEDGE OF CORRUPT PRACTICES IN NIGERIA: SOME IMPLICATIONS FOR COUNSELLING AND VALUE REORIENTATION <p>Teamwork activities are becoming significant in higher education<br>system. Especially professors, lecturers apply teamwork<br>activities such as group assignments, group presentations<br>group discussion, seminars to help students comprehend<br>lectures easily and reveal students’ leadership skills such as<br>project planning, reflection, problem solving, team building,<br>decision making, goal setting, time management, project<br>management resource allocation, effective communication<br>networking, conflict resolution, diversity awareness, and selfconfidence. Universities, colleges prepare students to the<br>business life after the graduation, In order to preparing student<br>to their future career path, leadership skills play significant<br>role. The more student leadership skills develop, the more<br>students will adapt to real world situations. Teamwork<br>activities help to improve students’ leadership skills. Students<br>that participate group activities to collaborate their<br>teammate’s purpose of complete the course, assignments,<br>presentations will be having self-confident, effective<br>communication, decision making, problem solving, conflict<br>resolution skills so on. Students whose student leadership skills<br>improved might have chance to be successful at their future<br>occupations while they work as a part of team, collaborations<br>in organizations. The purpose of this study is to provide a better comprehension of the concept of student leadership<br>skills, teamwork activities at universities and colleges, link<br>between teamwork activities and student leadership skills. We<br>have done this by clarifying student leadership skills within the<br>teamwork activities context identifying the idea of relationship<br>based on project planning, reflection, problem solving, team<br>building, decision making, goal setting, time management,<br>project management resource allocation, effective<br>communication networking, conflict resolution, diversity<br>awareness, and self-confidence skills based on past studies in<br>the literature.&nbsp;</p> Ildiko Rudnak, Sevinur CUHADAR Copyright (c) 2022 Ildiko Rudnak, Sevinur CUHADAR Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Mr. TEACHER QUALIFICATIONS DURING STUDIES FOR COOPERATION WITH PARENTS <p><strong><em>Abstract:</em></strong> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <em>Taking into account the extremely large contributions that the cooperation of teachers and parents has on the development of the child, the aim of this research is aimed at determining the qualifications of teachers during studies for cooperation with parents. 225 teachers from the Republic of Serbia participated in the research. The obtained results show that teachers believe that they have acquired the necessary theoretical knowledge about the importance of cooperation with parents, while the low level of teacher consent is represented in the claims concerning the practical part of cooperation with parents. Teachers did not have enough opportunities during their studies to see how the process of cooperation in practice takes place, as well as to attend various forms of cooperation with parents. The analyzed results of the research show that it is necessary to direct more attention to the practical part concerning the training of teachers during studies for cooperation with parents, where teachers will be able to practically apply and experience the process of cooperation in a real environment.</em></p> Nedeljko M. MILANOVIC Copyright (c) 2022 Nedeljko M. MILANOVIĆ Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 ENGAGING STUDENTS IN MENTAL HEALTH EDUCATION <p>The issue of education, especially nowadays, raises many questions<br />regarding its role in school, at home, in society as well as the<br />ability of the educational process to keep up with the<br />unprecedented changes in society, in human life in general.<br />The leap of scientific knowledge has caused an unprecedented<br />evolution of technology, which has entered human life with the<br />aim of improving important aspects, but we also see its<br />negative impact in many ways. The values of the past seem to<br />be somehow overtaken by the new social challenges! Time has<br />become a precious gift; modern man no longer has enough time<br />either for himself or for those close to him. Everything happens<br />at a pace that affects human life as a whole, disrupting family<br />and social relationships. All this is reflected in the man's ability<br />to adapt to new challenges, and thus education that equips the<br />individual with those capabilities that make him able to face<br />these unprecedented challenges is necessary. The emotional<br />and somatic impact is mainly reflected in mental health. That<br />is why the school and the educational system have the role of<br />paying more attention to the field of mental health, raising<br />awareness of the dangers that can lead to the installation of<br />mental imbalance, prevention being the prophylactic basis. In<br />our study, we will emphasize the importance of studying the<br />field outside specialized schools, identifying certain<br />deficiencies in education regarding mental health, as well as<br />some important directions to be followed.</p> Gabriela KELEMEN Copyright (c) 2022 Gabriela Kelemen Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 FOSTERING ACADEMIC MOTIVATION FROM A STUDENT-CENTRED PERSPECTIVE <p><em>The fostering of the academic motivation</em><em> of pupils/students by the teachers should represent one of the fundamental and permanent objectives of the instructive-educational activity, all the more so since motivation is assigned the second place in the hierarchy of importance of academic success factors, right after academic intelligence ( D. Ausubel, F. Robinson, 1981). The quality of the results of the learning activity and the student's academic adaptation are also conditioned by the degree and type of motivation that supports the learning activity. From the set of variables that determine the students' academic motivation, the school can influence or control, through the instructive-educational activity, only the factors that pertain to its own domain: the interactions between pupils/students and teachers; the interactions between pupils/students and other pupils/students; selecting, processing, and adapting the content of the educational process, the didactic methods, the assessment methods of academic performance. Considering the importance of strategies to stimulate the motivation for learning in the context of academic performance, we set out to investigate the perception of a group of students from faculties with a technical profile regarding educational practices that favour the development of academic motivation. The research method used is the questionnaire-based survey. To identify the students' perceptions of strategies that contribute to stimulating their academic motivation, we used closed-ended items in a questionnaire.</em></p> Liana CRISAN-TAUSAN Copyright (c) 2022 Liana Crisan-Tausan Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 TRAINING HIGHER EDUCATION STUDENTS FOR TEACHING IN VIRTUAL CLASSES. A CASE STUDY IN AN ASIAN CONTEXT <div> <p class="Bodytext10"><em><span lang="EN-GB">During the COVID-19 pandemic, teachers from higher education faced challenges on how to adequately adjust their teaching from a face-to-face to an online format to train future teachers properly. The study aimed to illustrate participants' experiences regarding their training during virtual courses in an international Asian HE institution. The applied methodology was qualitative, with a case study as a research design, intending to understand participants' experiences and adjust the training model for virtual classes in a particular Asian context. The participants were MA and Ph.D. in education students enrolled in the Instructional Models class, delivered online. Data collection consisted of (a) a focus-group discussion (with five participants) lasting for one hour and a half; (b) document analysis (15 students' journals); (c) video records for five micro-teaching; (d) one study group that lasted for 60 minutes organized to reflect on the 14 micro-teaching lessons. After thematic coding of data, the results revealed participants' empowering experiences during training, with challenges and success in conducting micro-teachings for virtual classes. The participants recommended including more micro-teaching sessions to master the teaching strategies demonstrated and introducing basic training in using technology for those who did not have technological skills. With empowering but still challenging teaching experiences, for further studies, the recommendation is to apply the training model in an online context, for both pre-service and in-service teachers, from different levels of education.</span></em></p> </div> Gianina PETRE Copyright (c) 2022 Gianina Petre Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200 TOWARDS A MORE EQUAL ACCESS TO HIGHER EDUCATION: HYBRID LEARNING <p>This paper explores a possible solution that aims to alleviate the unequal access to education. Face-to-face learning has been the norm for a long time and is the incumbent system. However, the pandemic was a turning point. This paper discusses how this change in the world’s landscape can lead to the strengthening of a niche system – namely, hybrid learning. By continuing to offer hybrid education in a post-pandemic world, the average number of students from lower socio-economic classes will increase. This paper first looks into the education systems map – exploring the in-flows and out-flows for the number of students at a time in university. Then, system traps are mentioned, where the problem with the incumbent system becomes clear. A S.M.A.R.T. goal is thus formulated, followed by an explanation of how to achieve this. The appendix offers two figures that add a lot of crucial information to this paper.</p> Elisabeth-Gabrielle SATALAN Copyright (c) 2022 Elisabeth-Gabrielle Satalan Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0200