Journal Plus Education https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe <div dir="ltr"> </div> <p><strong>ISSN: 1842-077X </strong></p> <p><strong>E- ISSN (online) 2068 “ 1151</strong></p> <p>The <a title="plus" href="https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/management/settings/context//en/journals/educatia-plus">Journal Plus Education/ Educatia Plus</a> is a transdisciplinary journal that engages a wide spectrum of scholarship and welcomes contributions from the many disciplines and approaches that intersect Educational Sciences research (pedagogy, psychology, special psyhopedagogy and social work).</p> en-US gabriela.kelemen@uav.ro (Gabriela Kelemen) dani.radulescu@activnet.info (Dani Radulescu) Wed, 20 Dec 2023 11:34:43 +0200 OJS 3.2.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 SATISFACTION OF FUTURE ENGINEERING TEACHERS WITH THE USE OF THE ELECTRONIC PORTFOLIO IN THE PEDAGOGICAL DISCIPLINES https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1924 <p>The use of an e-portfolio as an assessment modality in e<br>distance learning is a response to recent developments in <br>higher education where assessment is an integral part of <br>teaching and learning. The present study aims to determine <br>the level of student satisfaction with the use of the e<br>portfolio in the study of pedagogical disciplines and to <br>reveal changes according to the identified variables. As a <br>sample of this study, 123 students from UTCN enrolled in <br>the psycho-pedagogical module in the initial teacher <br>training were selected. From the closed items, it was <br>confirmed that the students' satisfaction in using the e<br>portfolio was at a high level, that a complex portfolio is a <br>relevant method for evaluating students' knowledge and <br>skills, it promotes active and collaborative learning, the <br>platform offers sufficient resources, and it is easy to use for <br>carrying out the activities. There were no significant <br>differences regarding gender, faculty profile, year of study <br>and previous experience of students in using the e<br>portfolio. Various suggestions were made for future studies <br>to create more effective online and hybrid learning <br>environments in the training of future engineering teachers.</p> Lorena PECULEA Copyright (c) 2023 Lorena PECULEA https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1924 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 CREATIVE INTELLIGENCE AND CREATIVE WRITING https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1925 <p>Creative intelligence is the ability to find solutions to small <br>or large problems and requires a kind of abstract thinking in <br>unusual ways at an individual or group level. Through it, the <br>individual acquires new skills and knowledge, devises solutions <br>to problems and increases his or her imagination. Creative <br>intelligence can be expressed and enhanced through creative <br>writing, i.e. through writing novels, short stories, poems and <br>other textual genres. Writers, using language, seek the most <br>appropriate words to express their thoughts and describe all <br>the images in their mind, while experimenting with forms and <br>structures in order to find innovative ways to reach their <br>readers.</p> Sofia TSATSOU-NIKOLOULI Copyright (c) 2023 Sofia TSATSOU-NIKOLOULI https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1925 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 RELATIONSHIP: SELF-ESTEEM - ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT - ARTISTIC ACHIEVEMENT OF MUSIC STUDENTS AFTER THE PANDEMIC YEARS https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1926 <p>The research aimed to investigate the relationship between <br>the self-esteem of music students and their academic and artistic <br>performance in both, the pre-pandemic period of Covid-19 and <br>post- pandemic (N - 72 subjects and 78 subjects). Thus, in the <br>year 2019, between self- esteem and academic results there is a <br>positive correlation with a mean value of, r- .560 with p-0.01, <br>and in the year 2022 there is a positive but, significant <br>correlation with a much lower value, r- .261 with p-0.05. The <br>same decrease was seen in the correlation between self-esteem <br>and artistic achievement. This in 2019 had an average value of <br>r- .567** with p-0.01 and in 2022, the correlation becomes <br>insignificant with a value of r- .136. Between academic and <br>artistic outcomes, in the year 2019 there is a positive correlation <br>with a mean value of, .583** with p-0.01. In the year 2022, the <br>correlation remains positive but with a reduced to half value, <br>.258 with p-0.05. We can affirm that the Covid-19 pandemic was <br>a factor that hindered the artistic development of the Music <br>Faculty students.</p> Lupu DACIANA Copyright (c) 2023 Lupu DACIANA https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1926 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 LOSING STEAM: THE DEMISE OF THE “JAPANESE DREAM” AMONG PROSPECTIVE INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1927 <p>Much like immigration, reasons to study abroad often relate <br>to push and/or pull factors. Although attractive programs and <br>courses can be major pulls for some prospective international <br>students, financial matters such as tuition, living costs, and <br>pathways to employment also have a significant influence. Since <br>2010 when Japan’s Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, <br>Science and Technology (MEXT) initiated projects and activities <br>to promote the internationalization of universities, the number of <br>inbound international students in Japan was steadily increasing, <br>most of which were coming from East and Southeast Asia. This <br>trend continued up until around 2018, and, understandably, <br>rapidly declined in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic and <br>implementation of rigid border restrictions. While the pandemic <br>undoubtedly played a major part in this downtrend, one cannot <br>overlook the fact that enrollments and interest in studying in <br>Japan was already losing steam. With its university rankings <br>increasingly losing out to competitive universities in China and <br>Singapore and its relatively low entry-level salaries amid a <br>long-term recession, which has further been exacerbated by the <br>weakened yen, the “Japanese dream” is arguably past its prime. <br>While taking into account the contextual factors which <br>influenced this trend, my study involved a critical discourse <br>analysis of MEXT’s ambitious plan to somehow reverse this <br>trend by bolstering further internationalization, attracting <br>highly-skilled foreign talent and essentially saving a sinking <br>ship. The findings from this study may give institutions in the <br>education and employment sectors an opportunity to reassess <br>their current support systems and programs for lucrative foreign <br>talent.</p> Antonija CAVCIC Copyright (c) 2023 Antonija CAVCIC https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1927 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 THE DIDACTIC MENTOR'S KIT. THE EFFICIENCY OF THE MENTORING ACTIVITY https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1928 <p>In a mentoring program, two characters are necessarily <br>involved: the mentor and the mentee. In order to achieve <br>an effective, authentic mentoring process, one must start <br>from the intersection of the answers to two questions: <br>What do I expect from the mentor/mentee and What do I <br>bring to the mentoring process? In addition to personality <br>and professional traits, the mentor teacher has to prepare <br>and use a series of working tools, a mentor's kit, which in <br>a general form we will present in this work paper and <br>which need to be adapted according to the needs of the <br>mentee and the school institution. The tools in the <br>mentor's kit were presented and offered for use to the 293 <br>teachers, participants of the Prof I and II course, in two <br>modules. In short research survey we introduce present <br>the views of the mentors who used them.</p> Carmen Maria CHISIU Copyright (c) 2023 Carmen Maria CHISIU https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1928 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 ENHANCING ENTREPRENEURSHIP OPPORTUNITIES THROUGH CHEMISTRY EDUCATION: IMPLICATION FOR NIGERIA YOUTH EMPOWERMENT IN THE 21st CENTURY https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1929 <p>The study investigated enhancing entrepreneurship <br>opportunities through chemistry education: Implication <br>for Nigeria youth empowerment in 21st century. Three <br>research questions with their corresponding <br>null <br>hypotheses guided the study. A quasi-experimental, non<br>randomized control <br>group design was adopted in <br>three intact groups. population of this study was 954 SS 3 <br>chemistry <br>students in Odeda Local Government <br>Area. A sample of 142 chemistry students was drawn <br>using a purposive and simple random sampling <br>techniques from three (3) out of 18 public schools in the <br>LGA. Three intact classes were randomly assigned <br>experimental groups (two classes) and control <br>group (one class). Both experimental and control <br>groups were subjected to pre-and post-testing. A <br>20<br>item tagged “Chemistry Practical Skills Acquisition on <br>Soap and Detergent Production” <br>(CPSASDP) <br>structured on a 4-point rating scale developed by the <br>researchers was the instrument <br>used <br>collection. It was validated by three <br>chemistry education and <br>experts <br>measurement <br>evaluation. The reliability estimate was <br>using Cronbach’s Alpha <br>for <br>data <br>in <br>and <br>computed <br>with coefficient index of <br>0.75. The three groups were taught the same concepts, <br>but with different <br>instructional arrangement. Data <br>collected were analyzed using mean and standard <br>deviation to <br>for answering research questions and Z<br>test for answering the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of <br>102 <br>Journal Plus Education <br>Vol. XXXIV No.2/ NOVEMBER, 2023 <br>p.102-114 <br>significance. <br>The results revealed that both <br>entrepreneurial skills engagements enhance skills <br>acquisition if appropriately handled. In addition, the <br>hypotheses were accepted because they only differed in <br>their mean score differences. Based on the results, it was <br>recommended among others that students should apply <br>the skills acquired in Chemistry practical to enhance their <br>entrepreneurship development.</p> Anselem Abonyi UGWUANYI, Monisade Folashade ADERANTI Copyright (c) 2023 Anselem Abonyi UGWUANYI, Monisade Folashade ADERANTI https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1929 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 OPTIMIZING EVALUATION PRACTICES THROUGH RECONSIDERATION OF STUDENT ASSESSMENT STRATEGIES IN THE HYBRID UNIVERSITY ENVIRONMENT https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1930 <p>The theoretical foundation of the research problem <br>highlights both a series of choices and priorities of <br>university trainers regarding the adoption of authentic <br>assessing strategies enriched in the virtual environment, <br>as well as certain limits, difficulties and costs entailed by <br>computerized testing, some applications and electronic <br>platforms, testing of new face-to-face assessment tools <br>etc. The aim of the research was to identify those <br>assessing strategies used by university trainers in the <br>virtual <br>environment, <br>which have proven their <br>effectiveness in the online assessment of students and <br>which have been maintained and enriched to be applied <br>in hybrid university training alongside other modern assessment techniques and tools. The research questions <br>that guided the entire study were: What evaluative <br>strategies did university trainers adopt in the virtual <br>environment? What were the most effective assessment <br>strategies adopted according to the specifics of the <br>discipline, assessment objectives and competencies? How <br>were hybrid assessment practices optimized by adopting <br>the new distance assessment strategies? What preferences <br>did students have in hybrid assessment? What advantages <br>and disadvantages are highlighted in adopting such <br>assessment practices? The research methodology brought <br>together qualitative and quantitative research methods, <br>techniques and tools. Main findings describe the <br>particularities of the assessment at the end of the hybrid <br>trainings, the specifics of the design of synchronous and <br>asynchronous student evaluation tasks, the customization <br>of assessment platforms used in electronic evaluation, the <br>adoption of new assessment methods and the <br>improvement of face-to-face assessment techniques and <br>tools.&nbsp;</p> Mihaela Gabriela NEACSU, Florentina BUCUROIU, Madalina TIBRIAN, Nicoleta SAMARESCU Copyright (c) 2023 Mihaela Gabriela NEACSU, Florentina BUCUROIU, Madalina TIBRIAN, Nicoleta SAMARESCU https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1930 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 LEVERAGING PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP (PPP) APPROACH FOR TECHNOLOGY-DRIVEN TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN SOUTHEAST NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1931 <p>The study examined leveraging Public Private <br>Partnership (PPP) approach for technology-driven <br>teaching and learning of entrepreneurship in Southeast <br>Nigerian Universities. Two research questions were <br>answered while two hypotheses were tested. Multistage <br>sampling technique was used to select 203 respondents <br>for the study. The instrument for data collection for the <br>study was a structured questionnaire and face-validated <br>by three experts. To obtain the reliability of the <br>instrument, Cronbach Alpha reliability technique was <br>used which yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.934, <br>indicating that the instrument was about 93% reliable for <br>data collection for the study. Out of the 203 copies of the <br>questionnaire administered, 194 copies were completely <br>responded to, returned and considered suitable for the <br>study. Data were analysed using mean and t-test <br>statistics. From the data analysed, the results identified <br>12 Public Private Partnership (PPP) approaches for <br>technology-driven <br>teaching <br>and <br>learning <br>of <br>entrepreneurship studies and 15 potentials of well<br>coordinated Public Private Partnership (PPP) for <br>technology-driven <br>teaching <br>entrepreneurship <br>studies <br>in <br>and <br>learning <br>southeast <br>of <br>Nigerian <br>Universities. The results on the hypotheses tested showed <br>that no significant (p&lt;0.05) difference existed in the mean <br>ratings of the responses of Entrepreneurship Studies Lecturers and Administrators. Based on these findings, <br>the study recommended improved collaborations of public <br>institutions with private investors for adequate funding <br>and management of entrepreneurship programmes to <br>actualize technology-driven instruction for quality <br>education in Nigeria.&nbsp;</p> Vivian Stella PAUL-MGBEAUFULIKE, Udogu Anthony N Copyright (c) 2023 Vivian Stella PAUL-MGBEAUFULIKE, Udogu Anthony N https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1931 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 STEPS TOWARDS CHANGE DESIGNING PERSONALIZED MESSAGES BASED ON THE TRANSTHEORETICAL MODEL https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1932 <p>The Prochaska and DiClemente model, also known as <br>the <br>Transtheoretical Model (TTM), provides a <br>comprehensive framework for understanding and <br>facilitating behavior change. In this article, we explore <br>the stages of change in the TTM and examine how they <br>can be effectively applied to achieve lasting <br>transformations. By analyzing the principles and <br>strategies associated with each stage, individuals and <br>professionals can gain insights into the process of change <br>and develop tailored interventions that promote real, <br>sustainable changes in various domains of life. In this <br>article, we offer examples of how to communicate to <br>individuals in each stage, depending on the area that <br>change is expected in (e.g. climate change, addictions, <br>positive new behaviors) and thus lay the framew</p> Sebastian VAIDA Copyright (c) 2023 Sebastian VAIDA https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1932 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 INCORPORATION OF ICT INTO EDUCATION: THE REQUIREMENT FOR EMERGING NATIONS TO COORDINATE ICT IN THE EDUCATING AND LEARNING OF MATHEMATICS SUCCESSFULLY https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1933 <p>The world is growing technologically in various circles of <br>life; education is not left out. Countries are attempting to <br>get together with this turn of events. In the education sector, <br>many information communication technology devices have <br>been invented to supplement the normal customary <br>technique for education. Numerous soft wares can be <br>applied in educating/learning. These ICT tools are utilized <br>in the instructing and studying of mathematics that make it <br>clearer and more practical for students to comprehend the <br>concepts of mathematics. Regardless the benefits of <br>technology to the teaching of mathematics, a few nations <br>are yet to incorporate it in their schools most particularly <br>the developing nations. Many developed nations have <br>incorporated the ICT into their schooling however the vast <br>majority of the developing nations are as yet lingering <br>behind; it might be because of their administration's <br>disregard for the significance of the ICT use. The study <br>reviews some related literature on ICT use. The study looks <br>at the meaning of ICT, ICT use and mathematics learning, <br>ICT use and developing countries’ institutions, and the <br>benefit of ICT usage and students’ performance in <br>mathematics.</p> Odiri E. ONOSHAKPOKAIYE Copyright (c) 2023 Odiri E. ONOSHAKPOKAIYE https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1933 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 THE FORMATION OF SELF-IMAGE OF PRIMARY CLASS STUDENTS IN THE PROCESS OF RECEPTION OF THE LITERARY TEXT (ANALYSIS OF THE CONTROL EXPERIMENT) https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1934 <p>This article presents the analysis of the control <br>experiment, reflected in the test applied to third and <br>fourth grade students in the Republic of Moldova and <br>in Romania, in the framework of research on the <br>formation of the self-image of primary school students <br>in the process of receiving the literary text. Following <br>the completion of the optional discipline "Read and <br>know yourself!", through which the formation of the <br>students' self-image was pursued through literary <br>texts, the students from two grades of third and fourth, <br>each from Romania and the Republic of Moldova, <br>completed a test with items based on a literary text, <br>with answers aimed at the level of reception of the <br>reproductive, productive or creative literary text, in <br>order to identify the level of reception of the <br>prevailing literary text. Comparative analyses were <br>made between the results obtained in the <br>ascertainment experiment and the control experiment, <br>as well as between the results obtained by each <br>individual student, demonstrating their evolution in <br>terms of self-image formation. The use of literaryartistic education, respecting its own methods and <br>principles through the optional discipline resulted in <br>the formation of a positive self-image in students. The <br>results of the pedagogical experiment allow the <br>finding that the level of self-image formation of the <br>students in the experimental classes increased <br>considerably in relation to the level of the self-image formation of the students in the control classes. This <br>confirms the validity of the research hypothesis as <br>well as the effectiveness of the methodology of forming <br>the students' self-image in the process of receiving the <br>literary text.&nbsp;</p> Elena-Roxana IRINA Copyright (c) 2023 Elena-Roxana IRINA https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1934 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 PERCEIVED IMPACTS OF PLANNING AND ORGANIZING OF LEARNING ENVIRONMENT ON ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION IN OSUN STATE UNIVERSITY https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1935 <p>Persistent unemployment issue in the country demands a <br>drastic solution from all stakeholders in Nigeria project. <br>This study examined the perceived impacts of planning and <br>organizing of learning environment for entrepreneurial <br>education in Osun State University (UniOsun). The <br>participants comprised 300 undergraduates drawn <br>randomly from three of the six campuses of UniOsun. A <br>well modified instrument was used for data collection. The <br>findings revealed that the content delivery of <br>entrepreneurial education programme in UniOsun was well <br>delivered in terms of equipping students with skill of <br>recognition of opportunity, networking skills and making <br>professional contacts, and creativity; but less adequate with <br>reference to enhanced leadership and communication skills <br>and equipping students to become independent problem <br>solvers. well valued in the society, others felt otherwise <br>Besides, students’ perceptions of the relevance of <br>entrepreneurial education programme for job creation was <br>poor; but less supportive in terms of limited number of <br>instructors for training programmes, and lacking in <br>creative development of students. Hence, it was <br>recommended, among others, that the school management <br>should increase the level of attention paid to the <br>entrepreneurial areas that were perceived to be <br>inadequately delivered in UniOsun.</p> Adesile IMRAN, Florence Oluwaseye ADELEKE Copyright (c) 2023 Adesile IMRAN, Florence Oluwaseye ADELEKE https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1935 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 FROM CHAO TO CLARITY: TRANSFORMING LEARNING WITH GRAPHIC ORGANISERS FOR IMPROVED SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ICT https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1936 <p>A graphic organiser is one of the teaching methods that can <br>assist learners to organize information, structuring the <br>information and relating the concept to another. <br>Secondary school students perceived computer networks as <br>one of the difficult concepts in computer studies. This study <br>examines the potency of graphic organisers in learning <br>computer networks in the newly implemented ICT <br>curriculum in Nigeria. This study employed a quantitative <br>research approach. The data collected was analysed with <br>ANCOVA with pre-test scores as the Covariate. The results <br>from the study reveal that students in the experimental group performed better than their counterparts in the <br>control group due to the intervention they had. Thus the <br>results show that there is a significant difference in the <br>performance of students taught computer networks using <br>the two methods- graphic organisers and lecture method <br>irrespective of their gender. This study is unique because it <br>relies on the testing of visual and graphical <br>representations of contents in reducing the hitches in the <br>study of computer networks which justifies the adoption of <br>the graphic organisers in learning ICT.&nbsp;</p> Ola ODEKEYE, Micheal ADEWUSI, Olatunde OWOLABI, Anthony KOLA-OLUSANYA, Jubril FAKOKUNDE, Mutahir ABANIKANNDA Copyright (c) 2023 Ola ODEKEYE, Micheal ADEWUSI, Olatunde OWOLABI, Anthony KOLA-OLUSANYA, Jubril FAKOKUNDE, Mutahir ABANIKANNDA https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1936 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENTIAL ITEM FUNCTIONING OF NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE MULTIPLE CHOICE TEST ITEMS IN SOUTH EAST, NIGERIA https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1937 <p>The study examined the differential item functioning of <br>National Examinations Council (NECO) Agricultural <br>Science multiple choice test items (2015-2017) in South <br>East Zone. The study adopted descriptive survey <br>research design and ex-Post-Facto research design. <br>Two null hypotheses were formulated and test in the <br>study. The population of the study consisted of 10, 194 <br>Agricultural Science students. Sample size of 728 <br>Agricultural Science Senior Secondary School students <br>(SSS III) were proportionately drawn from the 72 <br>selected secondary schools that constituted the sample <br>size of the study. A multi-stage sampling technique was <br>used for the study. The instrument used for data <br>collection was NECO paper III questions constructed in <br>2015-2017.The instrument was re-validated by experts <br>in Educational Measurement and Evaluation and <br>Agricultural Extension Education. The data obtained <br>was analysed using Kuder Richardson Formular 20 <br>with reliability indices of 0.76. Data obtained for the <br>study were analyzed using the Scheuneman modified <br>Chi-square statistic to analyze all the research <br>questions and chi-square statistic was employed in <br>testing the null hypotheses. Results showed that that <br>Agricultural Science multiple-choice test items used in <br>NECO 2015-2017, contain test items that significantly functioned differentially for testees on the basis of <br>gender and that there was no significant difference <br>between male and female students on the percentage of <br>items which functioned differentially in the 2015-2017 <br>NECO Agricultural Science multiple choice test <br>examination. It was thus recommended among others <br>that test experts and developers should consider the use <br>of Scheuneman modified chi-square in determining <br>differential item functioning.&nbsp;</p> Adekunle Thomas OLUTOLA, Kelechi Joshua Princewill IHECHU Copyright (c) 2023 Adekunle Thomas OLUTOLA, Kelechi Joshua Princewill IHECHU https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1937 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS REGARDING STEAM EDUCATION AT PRESCHOOL AGE https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1938 <p>This article supports and promotes the introduction of <br>STEAM education in preschool education and its <br>advantages. Modern education is not a renunciation of <br>the valuable heritage of the past, but a restructuring of <br>its relationship with the future, a 180 degree turn of its <br>point of departure. STEAM education is a challenge of <br>the modern, technological world. Unlike the classical <br>lessons in the traditional system of education where the <br>teacher teaches the students, STEAM is an active, <br>applied and constructivist method of "learning by <br>doing". The children, regardless of their age, should be <br>encouraged to think deeply, so that they have the chance <br>to become innovators and leaders who can solve the <br>most pressing challenges facing our future. STEM and <br>STEAM projects put the foundations of an openness to <br>concepts that would normally come across a lot later <br>and much more theoretical. Postmodern education is <br>adapting day by day the needs of tomorrow's future <br>adults, the key to success being knowing how to adapt <br>and how to use what you have learned, for continuous <br>change and development.</p> Doina Florica STÂRCIOGEANU Copyright (c) 2023 Doina Florica STÂRCIOGEANU https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1938 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 PREDICTIVE ESTIMATE OF OPENNESS TO EXPERIENCE AND SELF-EFFICACY ON EARLY YEARS TEACHERS’ PERCEPTION OF HANDS-ON MATERIALS FOR CLASSROOM TEACHING IN LAGOS, NIGERIA https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1939 <p>The study was carried out to examine the predictive estimate <br>of openness to experience and self-efficacy on early years <br>teachers’ perception of hands-on materials for classroom <br>teaching in Lagos, Nigeria. The participants in the research <br>were all the public and private elementary schools teachers <br>in Lagos however snowball non-probability the sampling <br>method was adopted to select 150 elementary school <br>teachers as the sample. Three instruments titled Hands-on <br>Materials Utilization Questionnaire (HOMUQ), Openness to <br>Experience Questionnaire (OEQ) and Teacher Self-Efficacy <br>Rating Scales (TSERS) were used to gather the needed data. <br>Six research questions were raised while three null <br>hypotheses were formulated. While the inferential statistics <br>of Pearson Product Moment Correlation Statistic (PPMC) <br>and T-test were employed to test the null hypotheses at a <br>0.05 level of significance, the descriptive statistics of <br>frequency count, percentage, mean, and mean rank were <br>utilized to answer the research questions. The findings of <br>this investigation demonstrated that early year teachers <br>believed that using hands-on materials was beneficial for <br>teaching young schoolchildren in attendance; however, there <br>is no correlation between early year teachers' perceptions of <br>using hands-on materials in the classroom and their <br>openness to new experiences (r-value = -.003, p-value = <br>0.484 &gt; 0.05); there is no significant relationship between <br>self-efficacy and early year’s teachers’ interpretation of how <br>hands on materials in the lecture hall (r-value = -.016, p-value = 0.844 &gt; 0.05); there is no significance difference in <br>male and female early year teacher’s interpretation of how <br>hands-on materials for classroom teaching (t-value = 1.873, <br>p-value = 0.709 &gt; 0.05). Considering the results, the <br>following recommendations among others were made: <br>Government and private school owners should provide <br>adequate and effective hands-on material(s) and make it <br>accessible to the early year’s teachers; Government and <br>private school owners through the ministry of education <br>should organize on regular basis seminar and or workshop <br>to be training the earlier years teachers on how to use <br>hands-on teaching material to deliver instruction in early <br>years classroom.&nbsp;</p> Oludola Sarah SOPEKAN, Laureta Ifeoma EJIOGU Copyright (c) 2023 Oludola Sarah SOPEKAN, Laureta Ifeoma EJIOGU https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1939 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 OUTDOOR EDUCATION AS AN INTERFACE BETWEEN TRADITIONAL AND MODERN LEARNING APPROACHES: A CURRICULUM-BASED ANALYSIS AT CORE CURRICULUM STAGE IN ROMANIA https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1940 <p>This study delves into the pivotal role of outdoor learning in <br>acting as a connecting thread between conventional and <br>contemporary teaching methods within the realm of core <br>curriculum education. As educational methodologies <br>continually evolve, educators are keen to adopt innovative <br>approaches that effectively engage and educate students. <br>Traditional teaching methods, while enduring, coexist with <br>modern pedagogical practices that emphasize experiential <br>learning, active participation, and holistic development. The <br>research explores how outdoor learning functions as an <br>intermediary, facilitating a seamless fusion of traditional and <br>modern educational practices. Its primary focus is to <br>investigate the influence of outdoor learning on student <br>motivation, critical thinking, and overall educational <br>achievements, particularly within the core curriculum stage. By <br>employing a combination of quantitative and qualitative <br>analyses, this study seeks to highlight the advantages and <br>obstacles associated with the incorporation of outdoor learning <br>in core curriculum subjects. It aims to pinpoint effective <br>methods for embedding outdoor experiences into conventional <br>classroom settings, thereby contributing to a more <br>comprehensive comprehension of how outdoor learning can <br>enrich the educational experience. The insights garnered from <br>this research endeavor have the potential to provide valuable <br>guidance to educators, curriculum designers, and policymakers <br>in striking a harmonious balance between time-honored <br>teaching techniques and innovative strategies. This equilibrium aims to create a well-rounded, enhanced learning environment <br>for students at the core curriculum level.&nbsp;</p> Henriette TORKOS, Editha-Margareta COSARBA Copyright (c) 2023 Henriette TORKOS, Editha-Margareta COSARBA https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1940 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200 BIOLOGY TEACHERS’ IMPACT ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1941 <p>This study examined the Biology teachers’ impact on the <br>performance of students in secondary schools in Osun <br>State, Nigeria. This study sample included forty-eight (48) <br>Secondary Schools selected by random sampling technique. <br>The researcher designed teachers’ questionnaire which <br>were administered to one hundred forty-five (145) Biology <br>teachers. Researcher-designed validated questionnaire was <br>used to elicit information from the respondents on the <br>impact of biology teachers to the performance of students. <br>Three research questions and two research hypotheses were <br>formulated. Frequency counts and t-test statistics were used <br>to analysis the data collected. Finding of this study revealed <br>that Biology teachers’ impact to teaching in Secondary <br>Schools was significant based on gender but it was not <br>significant based on years of teaching experience. Based on <br>the research findings recommendations were made on how <br>the Biology teachers will have positive impact on students’ <br>performance in senior secondary schools among others.</p> Florence Omosholape ABIDOYE, Abidoye Adekunle OMOTAYO, Afolabi Kayode OJO Copyright (c) 2023 Florence Omosholape ABIDOYE, Abidoye Adekunle OMOTAYO, Afolabi Kayode OJO https://uav.ro/jour/index.php/jpe/article/view/1941 Wed, 20 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0200