civic education; investigating; joint mock; local item independence; multiple-choice


In preparation for external examinations, Senior Secondary School II students write joint mock examinations in core subjects including civic education. The study examined into the authenticity of civic education test multiple-choice items. A post-hoc research design was used. The population included all public school senior secondary I, II, and III students, whereas the target population included 2020/21 SSS II students. The Kwara State Ministry of Education and Human Capital Development created a 50-item multiple-choice item for the research. At different stages of selection, stratified, proportionate, and simple random sampling techniques were used. Using tetrachoric correlation statistics, one research question was posed and answered. Based on the thumb rule of 0.3, 41 of 50 items favoured local item independence. Local item dependency should be taught as part of psychometric properties in undergraduate and postgraduate programs.

Author Biographies

Mohammed Idris JIMOH, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria

Dr JIMOH Mohammed Idris is a Lecturer in the Department of Social Sciences Education, Faculty of Education, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria. His area of specialization is Educational Research, Measurement and Evaluation. He has supervised many undergraduates and master’s students’ projects. He is a member of the Teacher Registration Council of Nigeria, Association of Educational Researchers and Evaluators of Nigeria, (ASSEREN), Behavioural Research Analysts and Psychometricians in Nigeria, Association of Computerized Adaptive Test in Africa (ACATA), and National Council of Educational Psychologists in Nigeria etc. He is a member of the editorial board of the Nigeria Journal of Educational Foundations and Nigerian Journal of Educational Research and Evaluation He is a peer reviewer in local, national, and international journals and has attended conferences both within and outside Nigeria.

Rashidat ABDULSALAM-NUHU, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria

Dr ABDULSALAM-NUHU Rashidat is a teacher of Geography with the Kwara State Teaching Service Commission in senior secondary school and an Adjunct lecturer in the Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria. Her area of specialization is Educational Research, Measurement and Evaluation. She has supervised a few undergraduate and master’s student projects. She is a member of the Teacher Registration Council of Nigeria, (TRCN), Association of Educational Researchers and Evaluators of Nigeria, (ASSEREN), Nigeria Institute of Management, (NIM) etc.


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