• Daniela Mihaela FLORESCU „Transylvania” University, Brasov


learning environment; educational practices; early education; kindergarten.


According to Albert Einstein, the environment is „everything that is not meâ€. His perspective on the concept of environment is broad and comprehensive and is applicable to educational contexts. In this vision, the environment designates the learning taken together with the whole physical, socio-cultural framework in which it takes place.

               The concept of learning environment, as stated in a report by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) dedicated to this issue, is an „organic, holistic one that includes the learning processes and the contexts that host them; it is an ecosystem that integrates learning activity and outcomes.†(OECD, 2013, p. 22) Some clarifications are required for the clearer delimitation of the term stated above: The term speaks about the socio-educational space and not only about the physical one, although this limiting perception is very common. The concept also refers to classrooms, furniture, arrangement of walls and centers of interest, their ability to provide healthy learning contexts that respect the rules of hygiene and ergonomics, the possibilities of positive interaction. Without all this, based on the pyramid of needs in a kindergarten, it is difficult to build effective teaching approaches that facilitate the socialization and preparation of the child for school as part of the preparation for social life. In this sense, the concept does not only refer to „spacesâ€, „facilitiesâ€, „material baseâ€, but also their integration in relevant activities in order to ensure the well-being of children and reach at the end of preschool the competence profile of the child ready for type learning. school and the success of the later adult. That is why the physical learning environment is closely related to the learning environment - called by Loris Malaguzzi „the third teacher†- which implicitly and explicitly creates teaching options for teachers and children. Space makes tacit but visible statements, „space speaksâ€, as E.T. Hall, speaks in front of teachers and sometimes in their place. The same theory is supported by Maria Montessori whose philosophical essence in this consists in the idea that „the environment / space instructsâ€.

               And according to ISSA, the learning environment greatly influences the cognitive, social, emotional and physical development of children. By creating a stimulating and safe physical and mental environment, the teacher encourages children's learning, through independent exploration and group play. The environment influences kindergarten practices and affects children's learning.

               In the UK, responsible pedagogy is used to enable every child to demonstrate learning in the fullest sense. It depends on the use of information assessment to plan relevant and motivating learning experiences for each child. This approach to improving the learning environment is specific to all countries, but also to our country; however, there are major principles that can lead to the creation of more child-centered, efficient and innovative environments. The World Bank and its partners in the OECD Center for Effective Learning Environments have extensive experience in middle-income countries in reforming countries approaches to learning environments. The new pedagogy of the educational environment would propose substantial reconsiderations, made „with meaning and purposeâ€, not only to „decorate†classes, to organically introduce modern technologies in teaching, not just to add them artificially as „otherwise†options. And all this in order to activate the environments in order to ensure the formative experiences and for the preschoolers to feel good in kindergarten, to feel safe not only physically, but to feel „at homeâ€.

Author Biography

Daniela Mihaela FLORESCU, „Transylvania” University, Brasov

Ph.D.,- Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences


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