Special Educational Needs: A Romanian Approach


  • Marius BAZGAN Transilvania University of BraÈ™ov
  • Magdalena-Camelia Bazgan Brasov County School Inspectorate


special educational needs, special education, inclusive education, school integration, school inclusion


In recent decades, the international community has been intensely preoccupied of the principle of free access to education, paying greater attention to children, students, or young people with special educational needs (SEN). Found in education specialists‟ attention, the concept was included in the agenda of decision makers, the inclusive education process currently being supported by several international and European documents.
Considered differentiated and adapted forms of school instruction, educational, social and medical assistance, intended for persons with SEN, special education and special integrated education in Romania is achieved based on the principle of democratic education: the access to any form of education, the right to education at all levels regardless of social or material condition, sex, race, nationality, religious or political affiliation or any other restriction that might be considered discrimination.
The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive overview concerning the organization and functioning of special education and integrated education in Romania.


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