• Alina Felicia Roman PhD. “Aurel Vlaicu” University, Arad Babe-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca,
  • Elisabeta Pota General Direction of Social Assistance and Child Protection Arad


autism, children, inclusion, teacher, competencies,


Autism is a developmental disorder of neurobiological origin and is considered
one of the most severe neuropsychiatric childhood disorders. It is manifested by:
the decrease in social relations, the reduction of communication power, the
restriction of activities, repetitive and stereotypical interests and activities (DSMIV).
Competencies are defined, according to the Law of National Education, as "a
multifunctional and transposable assembly of knowledge, abilities and skills
necessary in different situations". Art. 13 of this law emphasizes that lifelong
learning is a guaranteed right for all children; the development of socioemotional
competencies thus becomes a major educational target.The purpose of
this study is to investigate the strategies that develop socio-emotional
competencies and their use by teachers, who have students with autism spectrum
disorders in their classroom. A number of 50 teachers from the primary cycle
filled in a questionnaire structured in three parts: emotional recognition,
acceptance and self-regulation; social networking and social problem solving.
The socio-emotional education includes all the learning activities that lead to the
acquisition of individual experience of social and emotional behaviour, the
formation of emotional and social competencies. Thus, children acquire
emotional abilities: to understand, express and regulate emotions and social
skills: to initiate and maintain a relationship and to integrate in a social group.
The results have shown that the strategies of socio-emotional development among
teachers are poorly developed, and this is directly proportional to the inclusion of
children with autism. We have identified the need for training in terms of
development strategies used for socio-emotional competencies among teachers.


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Law of National Education, no 1 /2011

Law of Social Assistance, no 292/2011




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