• Ruzica PETROVIC


integrity of philosopher; life wisdom; critical consciousness; spiritual exercises.


The formation of philosophy as a form of consciousness of its own kind was accompanied by the belief that its creators were some strange people, belonging to a special strain, amiss (atopos), just as their reality in the world of people (atopia). Philosophers have affirmed these qualificatives throughout thehistory of philosophy.They were building their identity through a pure spiritual aspiration to uncover the highest principles of everything that was happening, with an open critical opinion of the existing social reality and a particular way of living.Their existence in the world, characterized by a constant effort to rise above the sphere of everyday life, is a process of a tense state of mind between the set paradigm of a wise life and the attempt to achieve it. This tension manifests itself in the discursive plane through the abstract - speculative reflection about the essential questions of the world and man, and in the existential plane through the constant need to step out of the world of trivial things.Ancient philosophical experience shows that this stepping out entailed contemplation on which not only the most profound theorizing but also the process of self-change was based, through gaining independence from external goods (autarchy) and releasing oneself from passion (ataraxia), which should have ultimately led to the realization of the highest social good.

In addition to the contribution of ancient philosophy to building the spiritual and moral integrity of philosophers, this paper actualizes another practical role of philosophy in improving life that has stemmed from the imbalance status of a modern-age individual who is increasingly in need of counseling support from practitioner philosophers for the purpose of stimulating the individual in self-perceiving of problems, establishing a secure thinking base and finding solutions to specific life and professional issues.

Author Biography


University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Education in Jagodina
Department of Social Sciences and Humanities


Ado, P. (2016). PohvalaantiÄkojfilozofiji.[ Éloge de la philosophie

antique].Loznica: Karpos.

Ado, P. (2011). FilozofijakaonaÄinživljenja.[Philosophy as a Way of Life].

Beograd: Fedon

Ciceron, M.T. (1974). Rasprave u Tuskulu [Tusculanae Disputationes],

Beograd: SKZ

Добротољубље I. (2002) Philokalia I. СветаГораÐтонÑка:


Ksenofont (1980).Uspomene o Sokratu.[Memoirs of Socrates]. Belgrade.


Laertije D. (2005).Životi i mišljenjaistaknutihfilozofa.[Lives and Opinions

of Eminent Philosophers]. Beograd: Dereta.

Lahav, R. Philosophy and Self – Transformation. http//

[accessed on 01.02.2019.

Majorov,G. G. (1982). Formiranjesrednjevekovnefilozofije. [Formation of

Mediеval Philosophy]Beograd: Grafos

Marinof, L. (2017).Platon, a neprozak.Primenadrevnihmudrosti u

rešavanjusvakodnevnihproblema.[Plato, Not Prozac!Applying Eternal Wisdom to

Everyday Problems].Beograd:Dereta.

Marinof, L.(2018). TerapijazauraÄunljive: Kakofilozofijamože da

vampromeniživot[Therapy for the Sane: How philosophy can change your


Milacić, M.Лековита моћ дијалога.[The Healing Power of

Dialogue][accessed on 09.02.2019.]

Platon.(2015). OdbranaSokratova.[Defense of Socrates].Beograd: Dereta.

Hegel,G. W. (1991). Istorijafilozofije I [History of philosophy I].Београд:


Živković, D. &Petrović, R. (2008).Filozofijavaspitanja i obrazovanja.

[Philosophy of Upbringing and Education].Vrsac: VÅ V.