• Alina COSTIN Aurel Vlaicu University of Arad


left-behind children, psychological impact of migration


Globally, the number of people migrating in search of a better job has increased considerably: over one billion people live outside their country, migration becoming a social phenomenon with a very strong impact on children left in care to a grandfather, relative or even an institution. There is no total consensus on the impact that separation from a working parent away from home has on children, due to the complexity of the variables that act, namely the child's personality, resilience, social context, coping strategies used, cultural role of the migrating parent, the age at which the child remains alone, as depicted in the scientifical literature. The present study represents a literature review aiming to highlight the main conclusions driven from recent research on the issue of the left-behind children. We have consulted 40 papers recently published in Elsevier, Medline, Springer, Wiley, and Web of Science databases. The psychological and emotional impact of the left-behind children (CLB) as well as the impact on school performance caused by parental migration were the main topics analyzed.


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Allen B., Cisneros, E.M. & Tellez, A. (2015). The Left-behind children: The Impact of Parental Deportation on Mental Health. J Child Fam Stud 24, 386–392 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-013-9848-5

Arlini, S.M., Yeoh, B.S.A., Yen, K.C., Graham, E. (2019). Parental migration and the educational enrolment of left-behind children: evidence from rural Ponorogo, Indonesia. Asian Population Studies 15:2, 190-208.

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Asis, M.M.B. (2006). Living with migration: experiences of left-behind children in the Philippines. Asian Population Studies, 2, 45–67.

Antman, F.M. (2012). Gender, educational attainment, and the impact of parental migration on left-behind children. J Popul Econ 25, 1187–1214. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00148-012-0423-y.

Bai, Y., Zhang, L., Liu, C., Shi, Y., Mo, D., & Rozelle, S. (2018). Effect of Parental Migration on the Academic Performance of Left Behind Children in North Western China, The Journal of Development Studies, 54:7, 1154-1170, DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2017.1333108

Balint, R. (2016). Left-behind children: Family, Refugees and Immigration in Postwar Europe, History Workshop Journal, 82 (1), 151–172

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